Periodontal (gum) disease involves the infection of the gums surrounding the teeth, including the gums and the cementum that covers the root. Early stages of periodontal disease affects only the gums, but as it progresses and worsens, all of the supporting tissues are involved, potentially leading to tooth loss. Gum disease can be characterized by three stages, each increasing in severity as it advances: gingivitis, periodontitis, and advanced periodontitis.
Periodontal disease is usually caused by a build-up of plaque, a thin, sticky film of bacteria that forms on your teeth over time. after brushing. If left uncleaned, the bacteria can cause an infection that colonizes in the gingival tissue, leading to the formation of deep pockets between the teeth and gums.
The treatment of periodontal disease depends on how far it has progressed. If in the early stages (gingivitis), it is reversible with one or two professional cleanings and increased diligence of daily oral hygiene habits.
A deep cleaning (scaling and root planing) consists of a more thorough cleaning of the periodontal pockets if tartar has formed that regular brushing cannot reach. If the disease is more advanced, surgical treatments are needed, such as periodontal pocket reduction, gum graft surgery, or dental implants.
There are many benefits to receiving a periodontal treatment from our periodontist in Pearland. Periodontal disease is actually a progressive ailment, meaning that it will continue to worsen the longer it is not treated. The earlier that you visit your periodontist and discuss treatment options, the better off you will be. Early assessment and treating of issues related to the gums could mean saving a lot of money in the long run since the treatments for gum disease are more intensive and expensive as the condition worsens. Besides the monetary aspect, early treatment from our periodontist in Pearland can be the difference between saving your natural, healthy teeth and smile or having to consider replacements such as dental implants.